There’s a growing type 2 diabetes problem in our young children. But parents can help turn the tide with healthy changes that are good for the whole family.
Until recently, young children and teens almost never got type 2 diabetes, which is why it used to be called adult-onset diabetes. Now, about one-third of American youth are overweight, a problem closely related to the increase in kids with type 2 diabetes, some as young as 10 years old.
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes In Children
Individuals who are overweight—specially in the situation if they have extra stomach fat—are more likely to have insulin resistance, youngsters included. Insulin resistance is a major hazard aspect for type 2 diabetes.
Insulin is a hormone made with the aid of the pancreas that acts like a key to allow blood sugar into cells to be used as strength. Because of heredity (traits inherited from circle of relatives contributors) or way of life (eating too much and transferring too little), cells can stop responding usually to insulin. That causes the pancreas to make extra insulin to attempt to get cells to reply and absorb blood sugar.
As long as enough insulin is produced, blood sugar levels remain normal. This can go on for several years, but eventually the pancreas can’t keep up. Blood sugar starts to rise, first after meals and then all the time. Now the situation is set for type 2 diabetes.
Insulin resistance commonly doesn’t have any indications, hower, some kids develop spots of thickened, dark, velvety skin called acanthosis nigricans, mostly in body creases and folds e.g. at the back of the neck or armpits.
If insulin is produced in normal quantity, blood sugar levels remain ordinary. This will go on for many years, but in the end the pancreas can’t maintain up. Blood sugar begins to rise, first after food after which all of the time. Now this is the situation of type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance commonly doesn’t have any symptoms, though some kids develop patches of thickened, dark, velvety pores and skin called acanthosis Nigerians, normally in frame creases and folds consisting of the again of the neck or armpits.
Other conditions related to insuline resistance include the following:
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- High cholesterol
Physical activity lowers the risk of diabetes of type 2, it is due to the fact it aids body to make use of insulin in a better way, thus lowers the insulin resistance. Also physical activity can be improved in other ways, they may range from boosting mental health and controlling blood pressure.
Children who are facing type 2 diabetes can be diagnosed easily in their early life. The main issue is that hormones present inside the body make it difficult to make use of insulin at the time of puberty especially in girls. So, this is the important reason to take care of your children while they are young and developing
More Risk Factors
Some other factors which usually increase the risk of type 2 diabetes:
- A family member already struggling with type 2 diabetes
- Being an African American, Native American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian American, Alaska Native or Pacific Islander
- Baby born to a woman facing gestational diabetes(diabetes during pregnancy)
In the condition of appearance any of two risk factors in your child and in situation if your child is overweight consult with your doctor and get blood sugar tests. These tests usually start at the age of ten year or when puberty starts.
How Can You Prevent Diabetes in Children
Parents can do a lot to help their kids prevent type 2 diabetes. Set a new normal as a family—healthy changes become habits more easily when everyone does them together. Here are some tips to get started:
Parents can assist their kids in preventing type 2 diabetes. Make healthy changes in lifestyle and as time passes these changes will transform into permanent habits.
Consume more water and less sugary drinks.
Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables.
Make favorite foods healthier.
Get kids involved in making healthier meals.
Always eat slowly—it may take at least 20 minutes to start feeling full.
Always eat food at the dining table only and not in front of the TV or computer.
Shopping of food should do together.
Always shop on a full stomach so you’re not tempted to buy unhealthy food.
Teach your kids to read food labels to understand which foods are healthiest.
Train your children to read food labels and leaflets of every food before shopping or eating to make them clear that which food is healthy.
Always meal together with all family members as often as you can.
Don’t insist your kids to clean their plates.
Don’t put serving dishes while eating on dining table.
Always serve small portions of food and let your kids ask for seconds.
Always reward your Child with praise instead of food.
Getting Physical Activity
Aim for your child to get 60 minutes of physical activity a day, in several 10- or 15-minute sessions or all at once. Make assure of getting 60 minutes of physical activity to your child once a day.
Begins slowly and build up.
Keep it positive—always focus on progress.
Always take parent and kid exercise or fitness classes together.
Always make fun in physical activity classes; try new things.
Inquire your kids which type of activities they like most—everyone is different.
Always try to encourage your kids to join a sports team.
Buy a “fit kit”, hand weights, resistance bands, a jump rope,.
Try to limit your screen time to 2 hours a day.
Always make plan for active outings, like hiking or biking.
Always walks together.
Try to walk more in and out of your house e.g. in vacuuming, raking leaves, gardening etc.
Change your work into games, e.g. racing to see how fast you can clean your house.
Teens and young kids are still growing, so in the case if they’re overweight the aim is to lessen the weight gain while allowing normal growth and development. First consult with their doctor for weight loss diet otherwise, don’t put them on weight loss diet.
Original Source = http://www.cdc.gov/features/prevent-diabetes-kids/index.html